Roadmap

 

 

 

   
     Data

 Innovative Technology
/Materials

 Design Tools

Risk/
Probabilistic
Approaches

  Human Behavior
  • Demographics
    • Vulnerable populations
    • Anthropometry
    • Cultural differences
  • Basis for numbers in codes
  • Response to notification
  • Smart egress systems
    • Cameras
    • Cell phones
    • Exit usage
    • Other
  • LED strobes
  • Occupant evacuation elevators
  • Design egress scenarios
  • Behavior based models
    • Cultural
    • Pre-evacuation time
    • Actions other than evacuating
  • Combined fire and evacuation models
  • Residential buildings
  • Large populations
  • Community level
  • High challenge environments
  • Quantify level of “life safety” in a building
  • Effects of fire
    • Visibility
    • Gases
  • Impact of public education on fire risk
 Building Fires
  • Combustibility of external cladding systems
  •  Fire loads for structural fire engineering
  • Material testing data (new materials)
  • Effectiveness of existing/new fire safety solutions
  • Quantification of building code performance criteria
  • Building information modeling
  •  Smart buildings
  • Big data
  • Improved test methods
  • Standardization of design fires and analysis approaches
  •  Best practices for retrofitting existing buildings to achieve equivalent level of safety
  • High-rise building design
  • Risk informed PBD
  • Single family homes
  • Risk assessment/management systems
  • Structural FP performance

 Resilience
/Sustainability

  • Environmental impact of fire and fire suppression activities
  •  Cost of fire events
  • Cost/benefit of different types and multiple levels of FP measures
  • Environmental impact of fire testing
  • Quantification of structural fire resilience
  • Flame retardant toxicity
  • Assess fire hazard of new sustainable building materials/practices
  • Identify/quantify sustainability benefits of smoke control systems & natural ventilation
  • Evaluate fire hazards of new sustainable energy technologies
  • Evaluate fire hazards of flammable refrigerants
  • Life expectancy of installed fire protection systems
  • Determine appropriate suppression systems for new technologies
  • Development of design tools/best practices for fire safety engineering for resilient systems/buildings
  •  Analysis of impact of climate change on fire safety
  • Cost effective and resilient FP practices for developing countries
  • Post-fire seismic behavior
  • Identification of critical fire protection aspects for disaster reliability
  • Development of risk based analysis to compare hazards of fire to long term health impacts of fire mitigation measures
  •  Risk and reliability based methods for ITM of fire protection systems
    • Preventative and predictive maintenance
    •  Human impact on ITM reliability
    • Reliability of water supplies
    • Reliability of installed equipment
 Fire Service
  • Exposure tracking from incidents
  • Data driven fire inspection scheduling
  • Improved injury, holistic fatality data collection and economic analysis
  • Impact of WUI on fire service
  • Naturally occurring events
    • Rate, severity
    • Fire as a secondary impact
  • Smart firefighting
    • IoT integration
    • Mechanical augmentation
    • Fire department communication with BIM
    • Firefighter tracking and location
  • Automated, quantifiable exposure monitoring
  • Firefighting PPE and tools
    • Firefighting and fire apparatus cameras for investigation/debrief
  • Model fire department response leading to better models of
    • Reverse evacuation
    • Egress / ingress
    • Duration of water for FP systems
    • Structural collapse
    • Firefighter response recreation & training aids
  • Compare / contrast tactics internationally to. determine impact of firefighting / construction differences on fire growth / severity
  • Evolving building technology and fire suppression tactics (i.e. effect of smoke / heat ventilation during firefighting tactics)
  •  Fire fighter injuries
    • Effect of understaffed apparatus on individual personnel
    • Fire ground safety
    • Long term exposures on individual personnel
  • Effect of firefighting interventions on occupant risk
  • New vehicle technology and fire suppression tactics
  •  Lessons learned to reduce risks in developing countries
  • Tactics and training for emerging technologies
 Fire Dynamics
  • Material properties
  • Fire dynamics of large compartments
  • Test data archiving
  • Model stewardship
  • Toxicity data
  • Sprinkler data
  • Standardized / accepted approach for developing material properties
  • Retardant behavior
  • Massively parallel computing
  • Mesoscale
  • Extreme ambient conditions
  • Practical models for:
    • Pyrolysis of complex materials
    •  Extinction & reignition
    • Sprinkler suppression
    • Underventilated combustion
    • Glass breakage
    • Human consequences
    • Deflagrations / detonations
  • Realism in test standards
  • Ignition frequencies
  •  Probabilistic distributions of heat release rate curves
  • Fire spread models
  • Fire frequencies
 Fire Safety Systems
  • Impact of ITM requirements on system reliability
  •  FP systems performance data
  • Evaluation of new and existing active FP systems efficacy
    • Suppression of unique and emerging hazards
    • System design criteria
    • Smoke control system
  • Evaluation of passive FP systems efficacy
  • Evaluation of durability of FP systems
  • Gaseous fire suppression systems applied to high air flow environments
  • Integrated FP systems and building connectivity
  •  Efficacy of detection, alarm, communication systems
  • Protection of storage
    • Automated
    • High challenge
  • Reliability of detection/ alarm/communication
    • False positives
    • Failure on demand
    • Failure modes due to extreme environments
  • Corrosion protection design best practices
  • Guidelines on suppression effectiveness at various heights
  • FP System design
    • Atrium protection and modeling
    • Smoke control systems
    • Passive FP system design and test methods
  • Adequacy of passive fire resistive construction
  •  Evaluation of
    • Smoke control systems impact on reduction of risk of losses
    • Adequacy of passive fire resistive construction
    • Effectiveness of fire stop installation by multiple trades versus certified technicians
    • Life quality indices to assess FP performance
  • Reliability of
    • Water supplies
    • Suppression systems failure modes, aging and complex systems
  • Relationship between safety, security and routine operations
  • Matching reliability of installed systems with risk assessment

 Forensics
/Investigations

  • Persistence of burn patterns under different compartment fire conditions
  •  Building material properties as inputs for fire models
  • Fire effects on building electrical systems/components
  • Evaluation of incident heat flux profiles from non-standard fuels
  • Damage resulting from heat radiation and blast waves on buildings, industrial assets, etc.
  • Digital recordings of distributed control systems and programmable logic controllers
  • Digital data collection (black boxes)
  • Status and data related to availability of FP measures during event
  • Improved tools for obtaining building dimensions and fire sizes from photographs and video
  •  Use of cloud based home/consumer devices to pinpoint fire origin
  • Linking of 3D scanning technology with computer fire models
  • Overview of large scenes from drones
  • Data mining to identify chemical process deviations
  • Methods to preserve evidence
  • Tools to extract data from digital sources
  • Improved software to create multiple-source dynamic event timelines
  • Tools to evaluate impact of ventilation on compartment fires
  • Simulation tools to recreate process conditions in chemical plants
  • Advanced calculation methods to evaluate hypothesis
  • Tools to estimate damage effects
  • Virtual reality / augmented reality to describe and test scenarios
  • Improved guidance for quantifying measurement and calculation uncertainty
  •  Repeatability of fire test measurements
  • Root cause analysis methods and tools
  • Causes and causal mechanism analysis
  • Human error assessment methods and tools

 Wildland
/WUI Fires

  • Impact of firebrands
  •  Fire hazard identification and quantification
  • Ignition of WUI materials
  • Fire behavior and fire spread
  • Emissions and health effects
  • Fire ecology and long-term effect
  • Data to support WUI codes and standards
  • Building fire protection in WUI
  •  Wildland/WUI fire damage mitigation
  • Warning and notification
  • Remote sensing and communication
  • Design against exterior building fires
  •  Wildland/WUI fire modeling
  • Firebrand ignition prevention
  • Fire behavior prediction tools
  • Resilience design tools
  • Landscape planning tools
  • Risk assessment of WUI structures
  •  Risk of combustible fuels in WUI/wildland
  • Assessment of risk, effectiveness, and economics
 Non-Building Fires
  • Data for hazard identification/reliability /severity/frequency (industrial)
  •  Alternative energy generation
  • PV installation fire spread
  • Petrochemical fire incident frequency
  • Causes of vehicle fires
  • Energy Storage
    • Containment for new products/damaged products
    • Higher reliability manufacturing/more resilient product design
    • Safer energy storage chemistries
    • New inspection techniques
    • Self-monitoring of equipment
    • Safe transportation
  • Improvements to petrochemical equipment safety
  • Tunnel fire suppression
  • Product safety standards
  •  Installation Standards
    • ESS
    • Oil/gas drilling
  • CFD fire models (tunnels/underground, tank fires
  • Design considering first responders (ESS, vehicles, tunnels)
  • Heat transfer models for energy storage cell design
  • Tunnel evacuation/fire models
  • Models for use in siting and design of tank farms
  • Tunnel design fires
  • Improved identification of high risk industrial facilities
  • Improvement of risk management practices at chemical facilities
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